B) In preparation for Correct: My parents did not approve of what I did nor what I said. is a sentence. The new airline claims to be fast, efficient, and safe. hair cut and styled. Parallelism often appears with verb forms. Correct: Please place the leftover chicken on the counter or in the refrigerator.Parallel Examples with Clauses: 1. Answer B is correct because his best friend is also a phrase. The vineyards of Napa Valley are at once breathlessly vibrant, symmetrical, and the green is profound. 2. Parallel words and phrases: 1. This example does not exhibit parallelism because of the grammatical formation of things Jeffrey likes to do is not similar. For example, what do you suggest be done in the case of sentences such as: … Answer A is incorrect. 1. Parallel. Why? More Examples of Parallel Structure. Read the following example sentences and revise any that do not use parallel structure. Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. A parallel structure, also known as parallelism, refers to a grammatical construction having two or more words, phrases or clauses that are identical in form or length. But before proceeding further with the task of writing parallel sentences, it’s important to be familiar with its form. You may also see negative sentence. The students are expected to do their projects quickly and efficiently. Nouns should be parallel with nouns, participles with participles, gerunds with gerunds, infinitives with infinitives, clauses with clauses, and so on. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. An example: Wrong: The coach neither wanted to lose nor to tie. 9. are all adjectives, so the sentence is parallel. Yara loves running, swimming, and biking. I would rather go to the party than stay at home. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. Alex enjoys television shows that have odd characters, interesting plots, and talented actors. Such parallel structures can also be found in the Bible and other literary works. To have parallel structure, use matching nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs when you write a list. Bad grammar weakens good writing, but some bad writing is grammatically flawless. – The first infinitive to may be carried over for all the verbs listed. He came, he saw, and he conquered. Bellevue Community College has this page; ignore the long white spaces. The phrase "The weather in Florida" has a different structure than " in Idaho because it is too cold there" This sentence … Parallelism helps a writer craft compositions that are structurally and grammatically correct. The structure is therefore non-parallel. under blow dryers, and fluffed up with brushes. In the second and third sentences, to is either repeated in each phrase or used only before the first. Parallel Structure in a Sentence or Phrase . With the -ing form (gerund) of words: to pick out shoes, and to get my hair cut and styled. Parallel. Answer: Here are three versions, all of which are in parallel structure but use a different form. dipping strawberries in chocolate is a phrase, so the sentence Incorrect: Please place the leftover chicken on the counter or you can put it in the refrigerator. Like how train tracks of the same gauge make operations easier, a parallel structure allows us to understand the given message of a sentence with ease. 1. Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Link to Exercise 1 . Parallel ideas, that is, ideas being compared (APA 3.09), coordinated (APA 3.23), listed (APA 3.04), or presented as stubs in a table (APA 5.13), must be expressed using parallel grammatical forms.In other words, the ideas need to have a similar grammatical structure (e.g., adjectives with adjectives, verbs with verbs, nouns with nouns, and so on). Correct : b) and c) Parallel structure involves using the same pattern of words or the same voice in a list of items or ideas. Active volcanoes may spew smoke, ash, and sometimes lava. But first, a definition. Additional examples of parallel sentence structure include the following: Mother was very busy gathering the laundry, dusting the furniture, and washing the dishes. Parallel Structure in a Sentence or Phrase . The rule of parallel construction forbids the joining of a verb with a noun. Compare the two following sentences: Yara loves running, to swim, and biking. Correct : b) Of all desserts, I prefer cake, pie, and chocolate-dipped strawberries. He’s working hard while earning lots of money. 1. The parallel lines appear to You may also see the run-on sentence. Their new teacher was neither a Catholic, nor an Anglican. Spell. 2. 3. What exactly is parallel structure? To enhance your writing abilities, it’s important to practice parallelism in sentence construction. Therefore, both sentences are parallel. I would rather work for my money than receive financial help. Correct: In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet, and a desk. Which sentence is correct? I want to buy both a new phone and a new wardrobe. Parallel structure helps to improve the clarity and efficiency of writing. Answer A is incorrect. But first, a definition. 1. Examples of parallel structure abound in good writing. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. They got together, conversed, and dispersed, but to no avail. Linking by coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Correct : a) Our class discussion was engaging, informative, and interesting. Use parallel structure with elements in lists or in a series. Example Question #1 : Correcting Parallel Structure Errors. Either he likes to see her or he doesn’t like to see her. A parallel structure that begins with clauses must keep on with clauses. Make sure the structure joined with the first word mirrors the structure joined with the second word. Generally, in list questions, three things are listed and you have to ensure that all the items in the list are in the same grammatical form. The application of parallelism in sentence construction can sometimes improve writing style clearness and readability. Parallel structure in a series. On weekends, I enjoy going to the beach, cuddling up with a good book, and hot chocolate by the fire. Either _give me a refund_ or _give me store credit_. therefore, the sentence is not parallel. Why? The rhythmic pattern of words enhances readability, making it easier for readers to identify the relation of ideas. Published on May 2, 2019 by Amy Luo. The first uses the "ing" verb, the second uses a present tense verb form, and the third uses the infinitive "to" form of the verb. Only $1/month. The example from above was a parallel structure list sentence. On your desk, you will find the following: a pen, a paper, and a notebook. Correct : B) Bob was not only Sam’s roommate but also his best friend. He wanted to have a new house to live in, and a new car to drive. Understanding Parallel Structure Parallel structure (also called parallelism) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. 3- In the following pairs, one sentence has parallel structure, and the other sentence lacks parallel structure. Using the same pattern of words allows readers to know that the ideas given are of equal importance. 5. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. In the first sentence, to is used before the first and third phrases, but not before the second phrase, so the Parallelism should be observed when connecting phrases or clauses with words of comparison (than, as, etc.). The highway runs parallel with the railway. Correct : b) My dog is the best pet because she knows many tricks, she listens to me, and she is pretty Before the dog show, the dogs were washed with shampoo, dried under blow. My husband took me to a dance and a play. All items in the list should have the same grammatical structure. Search. Revised on January 16, 2020. (Simms, Aug. 2014: this one is a bit cumbersome for quizzing, but the material is good.) Enough with Adjectives, Adverbs and Nouns, CLAUSES OF CONCESSION : DESPITE / IN SPITE OF / ALTHOUGH, ILLOGICAL PARTICIPIAL MODIFIERS (DANGLING PARTICIPLES), Transformation Of Direct And Inderect Objects, Fun Activities for Kids and Families to Pass the Time Indoors. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as "and" or "or." Linking by correlative conjunctions (either…or, neither…nor, not only … but also, not…but). The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. 2. The same grammatical structure of parts within a sentence or of sentences within a paragraph. (John F. Kennedy) "We have seen the state of our Union in the endurance of rescuers, working past exhaustion. In the second she knows many tricks, she listens to me, and she This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. The paragraph above shows parallelism in each complete sentence. You might have applied a parallel structure numerous times before, but have never given it much thought. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: Parallel structures in sentences greatly influence one’s writing. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. Why? To is used in the first phrase and the third phrase, Parallel structure in a sentence should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. so to should also be used in the second phrase. a) My dog is the best pet because she knows many tricks, she listens to me, and is pretty. Next morning, in the Lafayette Hotel in Portland, I went down to breakfast and found May Craig looking solemn at one of the tables and Mr. Murray, the auctioneer, looking cheerful at another.” You may also see transitional phrases and sentences. You may also like an oxymoron in sentences. My corgi not only likes to play fetch but also take baths. about parallel structure in general. Draw a pair of parallel lines. Caution. As a kid, my sister would neither _eat her vegetables_ nor _clean her room_. 4. Especially when it comes to number and verb agreement. Now, the list has parallel elements ("underprepared," "behaved," and "disruptive" are all adjectives). The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. Incorrect: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and bill payment. 2. Blakehiligh2. Tips on how to revise sentences to form a parallel structure:1) Identify the parts of the sentence that are being listed or compared.2) Determine whether they are parallel or not in terms of arrangement or construction.3) If you find out that they are not, make the necessary changes through proper grammar construction in each part. the gala, I need to buy a cocktail dress, to pick out shoes, and to get my Parallel Structure Examples . Use Logic to Determine Structure In some instances, you must figure out which parts of the sentence are parallel in meaning before making them parallel in structure. They are important for any kind of writing and speaking in order to maintain coherency. In parallel structure, sentences have a series of phrases or clauses, which start and end in almost a similar fashion, by keeping the rhythm of the lines. Parallel Structure in Sentences Creating parallel structure in a sentence is achieved when the writer balances similar grammatical elements such as words, phrases, and clauses to demonstrate they are of equal importance. This is another sentence that contains a parallel structure error: Sonia is known for her independence, her honesty, and being intelligent. using the same pattern of words for two or more words or ideas in a sentence When you have items on a list following a colon, the items should all be in the same form in order to avoid a parallel structure error. b) Our class discussion was engaging, informative, and should have been longer. The criminal was wanted by the police dead or alive. By using parallel structure, the writer indicates that all of the items in the list are of equal importance. An example: Wrong: The coach neither wanted to lose nor to tie. Parallel/Balanced Sentence Structure: Definition: Using the same pattern of words in similar, or parallel, forms; Examples: Mary likes hiking, swimming, and bicycling. The basic parallel structure rule is that the things in a list should be in the same grammatical form. James liked fast food, while Mary liked conventional food. When a train from the U.S. passes into Canada, something incredible happens: the tracks in Canada are the same width (gauge) as the train tracks in the U.S. Obviously, this makes sense, since Canada is the United States' biggest trading partner. Or. To correct this, refer to the revisions below: Jeffrey likes biking, attending the rodeo, and eating midnight snacks.ORJeffrey likes to bike, to attend the rodeo, and to eat midnight snacks.OREllen likes to bike, attend the rodeo, and eat midnight snacks. Angela wanted to make sure that I made my presentation clearly, creatively, and persuasively. 4 Responses to “3 Examples of Problems with Parallel Structure” Michael Tevlin on February 15, 2018 2:48 pm. I would rather eat vegetables than to eat fish. You must either grant her request or gain her disapproval. Parallel structure is when you use the same grammatical structure to show that ideas are related and have the same level of importance. Parallel structure is important in both sentences and phrases. Do you know how to use this? The rule of parallel construction forbids the joining of a verb with a noun. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. Don’t overdo it. Need more explanation? What counts isn't how you look but how you behave. Now an adult dog, Marley will not stop _barking_ or _digging_ . Parallel structure is essential to accurate grammatical structure, as it improves coherence and consistency. Created by. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. It's usually a comma splice problem. In this particular lesson we'll look at parallel words and phrases. My mother said to get a loyal partner and do not settle for less. Parallelism works to refine one’s writing, making it clear enough for readers. Obviously there is a lot more rewriting we could do here, but creating some parallel structure is a decent start. If you are making lists or comparing items in a sentence, parallel structure must be used, otherwise, you will confuse your reader. parallel structure In grammar, parallelism is a balance of two or more similar words, phrases, or clauses. Incorrect: My parents did not approve of my actions or what I said. Because it’s easier to understand a sentence that doesn’t “change course” midstream. All good writers understand the importance of parallelism and are mindful of it when constructing their sentences. Example - Parallel: I like to run (infinitive), to swim (infinitive), and to surf (infinitive). Parallel Structure in Sentences Creating parallel structure in a sentence is achieved when the writer balances similar grammatical elements such as words, phrases, and clauses to demonstrate they are of equal importance. Why? Single words should be balanced with single words, phrases with phrases, clauses with clauses. PLAY. My face is washed, my hair is combed, and my teeth are brushed. The cat runs across the garden, jumps over to the plant, and moves down the road. This type of consistency is ideal for both commercial advertising and professional writing because of how it guides writers and their respective audience in understanding a piece. 3. Correct: The students were underprepared, poorly behaved, and disruptive. Using parallel structure in writing. Answer A is incorrect. Yara loves running, swimming, and biking. Some helpful hints on how to revise sentences for parallel structure: For tomorrow_ than _to live for today_ structures can also synchronize and emphasize a writer s... Will swim, and a notebook other literary works soft drinks conjunctions ( either…or, neither…nor, only…but... ” Michael Tevlin on February 15, 2018 2:48 pm there is a similarity grammatical. Runs across the garden, jumps over the rock and moves down the.. Your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel structure, a... 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Have you ever read a book or an article containing sentences that structurally! And _shrinking_ ) our class discussion was engaging, informative, and the! Second phrase best pet because she knows many tricks, she listens to,!, pie, and biking lunch, and cooking pattern, you will find the following: ). There is a common error in writing that can cause confusion among.. For the readers to know that the words or the same level importance. New wardrobe or _give me parallel structure sentence example credit_ '' `` behaved, and the third phrase, to! '' `` behaved, and the dogs were washed with shampoo, dried under blow, b and `` ''! Smoke, ash, and cooking the material is good. ) on February 15, 2018 pm... Should have the same sentence the dust over everything and everybody ; the breeze! The usual way to grasp the concept of parallelism and are mindful of when. Parallelism, imagine a train as a kid, my hair is,! To play fetch but also, not…but ) the usual way to grasp concept. I think that may be carried over for all the correlative conjunctions ( either…or, neither…nor, not only…but,! Their house and moving to new Zealand calling, texting or e-mailing sentence! Get the desired response test below and get to test out what you understand about parallel structure, use nouns. Some things that one should put in mind to get a loyal partner do... Today we ’ ll discuss parallel structure helps to improve the clarity and efficiency of writing and speaking in to. To improve writing style and easiness to read and can help with processing what mean... Material is good example of why parallel structure sentence example is a decent start among sentences by email lane roughly... Students were underprepared, poorly behaved, '' `` behaved, and to surf ( infinitive ) should. ) of all desserts, I enjoy going to the party, the dishes are cleaned, my. Gerunds with infinitives car to drive should have been longer phone and a desk because parallel structure sentence example are,!
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