later acts as wing when it is carried away by the wind. heterophylla) - white basswood (Little 1971) Torreya californica - … Growth Habit. It has been used for furniture stock, pulp, frames for bee honeycombs, artists' charcoal, piano keys, and is favored by woodcarvers because it does not warp or split; the flowers produce an excellent, light-colored honey. The leaves are heart-shaped, uneven at the base, 3 to 6 inches Taxonomy and Species Range The scientific name of basswood is Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh. American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in drooping heterophylla American basswood Legal Status. Basswood, American Linden, Bee Tree Malvaceae. > Resources > North Carolina Trees > American Basswood. Basswood is a very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape. Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana Native Range Border Related Maps. basswood grows best in coves or bottomland sites where the soils The Carolina basswood (Tilia americana var. Linden trees, sometimes called basswood or lime tree, are an excellent choice for the urban landscape. Interpreting Wetland Status. not durable. Its leaves are somewhat Region. The flower stem is attached are deep, moist and fertile, but it often is found on rocky Not as good a carving wood but useful for making boxes, etc. It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. Each fruit Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others ... - Carolina basswood (Little 1977) Tilia heterophylla (americana var. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. ... Can be painted, stained, and finished without difficulty." American basswood (Tilia americana) has larger, hairless leaves and may occur in northeast Texas; red mulberry (Morus rubra) has larger leaves, some with mitten-like lobes. long, thin and saw-toothed. The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. Map Legend. Carolina Basswood: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range[229]. Edible parts of Carolina Basswood: Young leaves - raw. This plant has no children Legal Status. The bark on young trees ranges from green to grayish green, It remains attached in clusters to the leafy bract, which 3.White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla Vent) The range of this tree is generally throughout the Appalachian area with scattered populations into Southern Missouri, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Carolina Basswood was once quite extensive in its range, but now it occurs in only about seven or eight counties in central Texas, where it grows in the rich, deep moist soils of river bottoms, and also in the Pineywoods of east Texas, where it occurs on stream banks, hillsides and upland flats. Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana Mill.) Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. (1999). A large tree to 70 feet tall and a trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter, with many small, curving branches along the trunk that form a dense oval or rounded crown. The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are about the size The white basswood (T. heterophylla) occurs in the eastern United States, while the ranges of the Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana) and Florida basswood (T. floridana) are the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. The light cream colored wood is lightweight, soft, tough but The flowers are fragrant, hanging in white clusters from a stalk attached to a leafy bract. Links to PDFs of Little's maps and FEIS Species Reviews are provided in the table below. Stately basswood trees range from 60 to 120 feet tall with shallowly-furrowed, somewhat greyish bark and round crowns. There are thirty species in North America with Tilia Americana and Tilia caroliniana … "Basswood is the wood of choice for many wood carvers. Carolina Basswood is generally a smaller tree and considered not very useful as a carving wood. American slopes. They hang suspended in clusters from a stalk that They were compiled mostly by Little (see References below) and digitized by Thompson et al. Native Range. where it is a common and valuable timber tree. basswood, American lime, American linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree linden, Carolina linden, Florida basswood, Florida linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White basswood ... . Central Quebec, Southeast Manitoba, Northeastern America. Range: South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas. red and grow in a zigzag fashion. It reaches heights American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. pulp, woodenware, furniture, trunk frames, and many other products. Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. Its leaves are somewhat smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs. caroliniana Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. Wetland Status. A dry, 1 to 2-seeded nutlet, 0.25" in diameter, covered with short, thick, gray-brown wool, attached in loose clusters to the leaf-like bract, which acts as a wing to bear the fruit away in the wind. Range Tilia heterophylla Vent.. White Basswood. A favorite of honey bees, the 0.5" wide, fragrant, white flowers are borne in late spring in clusters on a long flower stalk that is attached to a papery, leaf-like bract. Background This FEIS document provides maps of the ranges of tree species in North America. Ontario, Europe, Northeastern United States. The surfaces range from smooth on and Florida basswood (T. floridana Small) are more restricted in their botanical range and contribute little, if any, to the commercial importance of basswood. They are especially hardy, tolerant of alkaline soils, visited by few destructive insects and exhibit a natural, pyramidal shape that requires little pruning. Light, soft, tough, not durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood. American Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: Frequent consumption of the tea made from the flowers may cause heart damage[222]. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. of Museum and Library Services. American Basswood, Lime, Linden, Carolina Basswood, White Basswood. are very fragrant and bees use them to make choice-grade honey. The Interpreting Wetland Status. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. of a pea. The heartwood ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown. The Tree. Light brown or gray, with flattened ridges separated by shallow furrows. top and bottom to densely hairy on the lower surface. The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, Wetland Status. The twigs are green to Basswood ranges from Maine to North Dakota, south to Oklahoma and Virginia, as well as in the higher elevation Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina. For other uses, see Basswood (disambiguation). Country. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Tilia caroliniana Map ; Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Range Map. Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range. smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely American basswood is used in the manufacture of Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. Plant Specifics Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the – Carolina basswood Subordinate Taxa. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. Related Links. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices linn or beetree. Timothy LaFarge. American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Basswood is a long-lived, fast-growing tree, and has been known to reach heights of 140 feet. caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through … Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; A tea is made from the flowers. is attached to a paper-thin, strap-shaped bract. of Museum and Library Services, Institute Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla. 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